A SLAP tear is a type of shoulder injury that is caused by the detachment of the superior labrum from the glenoid cavity. The superior labrum is a piece of cartilage that helps to stabilize the shoulder joint. This type of tear is most commonly seen in athletes who participate in overhead activities, such as throwing sports or weightlifting.
What is a SLAP tear and what causes it
A SLAP tear is a type of shoulder injury that occurs when the cartilage that covers the shoulder joint is damaged. The main symptom of a SLAP tear is pain in the shoulder, often made worse by overhead activities such as reaching or throwing. A SLAP tear can also cause the shoulder to feel weak or unstable. Most SLAP tears are caused by repetitive overhead motions, such as those often seen in athletes who play tennis or baseball. However, any activity that puts stress on the shoulder can lead to a SLAP tear, including falls or car accidents. Treatment for a SLAP tear typically involves rest, ice, and anti-inflammatory medications. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair the damage.
Symptoms of a SLAP tear
The most common symptom of a SLAP tear is pain in the shoulder, although some patients may also experience weakness, numbness, or tingling. In severe cases, a SLAP tear can cause the shoulder to pop out of joint.
Treatment options for a SLAP tear
Treatment for a SLAP tear typically begins with conservative measures such as ice, rest, and physical therapy. If these measures fail to relieve symptoms, surgery may be necessary. The most common surgical procedure for a SLAP tear is arthroscopic repair, which involves reattaching the torn labrum to the bone. With proper treatment, most people with a SLAP tear can expect to make a full recovery.
Recovery time for a SLAP tear
Recovery time for a SLAP tear will vary depending on the severity of the injury and whether or not surgery is required. Most people will require at least several weeks of physical therapy to regain full range of motion and strength in the shoulder. However, with proper treatment, most people will make a full recovery from a SLAP tear.
After surgery, return to play can take 4-6 months after repair.