Publications | Sports Medicine, Knee, & Orthopaedic Surgery Research

Orthopedic Surgery, Sports Medicine, & Knee Doctor | Board Certified


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Research & Publications


Just as athletes are constantly pushing their bodies to the limits of human performance, sports medicine is a constantly evolving field.  Scientific research in the field of sports medicine has provided improved understanding of the body and has led to improved treatments that return athletes back to sports more quickly and at a higher level. These same advances have also allowed patients to exercise and stay active for longer than previously though possible. We strongly believe in the importance of sports medicine research, continual improvement, and innovative ways to improve the quality of life of our patients. The following research publications and book chapters authored or co-authored by Dr. Burnham represent his commitment to providing the most up-to-date, effective, and comprehensive sports medicine care to his patients.

Peer-Reviewed Publications

1. Lian J, Diermeier T, Meghpara M, Popchak A, Smith CN, Kuroda R, Zaffagnini S, Samuelsson K, Karlsson J, Irrgang JJ, Musahl V, Sheean AJ, Burnham JM, Jayson L, Clair S, Adam P, Elmar H, Pfeiffer TR, Araujo P, Oostdyk A, Guenther D, Ohashi B, Irrgang JJ, Musahl V, Fu FH, Nagamune K, Kurosaka M, Hoshino Y, Kuroda R, Grassi A, Muccioli GMM, Lopomo N, Signorelli C, Raggi F, Zaffagnini S, Horvath A, Svantesson E, Senorski EH, Sundemo D, Bjoernsson H, Ahlden M, Desai N, Samuelsson K, Karlsson J. Rotatory Knee Laxity Exists on a Continuum in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2020 Feb 5;102(3):213-220. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.19.00502. PubMed PMID: 31876642.

2. Hughes JD, Burnham JM, Hirsh A, Musahl V, Fu FH, Irrgang JJ, Lynch AD. Comparison of Short-term Biodex Results After Anatomic Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Among 3 Autografts. Orthop J Sports Med. 2019 May;7(5):2325967119847630. doi: 10.1177/2325967119847630. eCollection 2019 May. PubMed PMID: 31211150; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6545659.

3. Pfeiffer TR, Burnham JM, Kanakamedala AC, Hughes JD, Zlotnicki J, Popchak A, Debski RE, Musahl V. Distal femur morphology affects rotatory knee instability in patients with anterior cruciate ligament ruptures. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2019 May;27(5):1514-1519. doi: 10.1007/s00167-018-5269-8. Epub 2018 Oct 29. PubMed PMID: 30374573.

4. Unger RZ, Burnham JM, Gammon L, Malempati CS, Jacobs CA, Makhni EC. The Responsiveness of Patient- Reported Outcome Tools in Shoulder Surgery Is Dependent on the Underlying Pathological Condition. Am J Sports Med. 2019 Jan;47(1):241-247. doi: 10.1177/0363546517749213. Epub 2018 Jan 11. PubMed PMID: 29323925.

5. Zaffagnini S, Signorelli C, Grassi A, Hoshino Y, Kuroda R, de Sa D, Sundemo D, Samuelsson K, Musahl V, Karlsson J, Sheean A, Burnham JM, Lian J, Smith C, Popchak A, Herbst E, Pfeiffer T, Araujo P, Oostdyk A, Guenther D, Ohashi B, Irrgang JJ, Fu FH, Nagamune K, Kurosaka M, Marcheggiani Muccioli GM, Lopomo N, Raggi F, Svantesson E, Hamrin Senorski E, Bjoernsson H, Ahlden M, Desai N. (2018) Anatomic Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction using Hamstring Tendons Restores Quantitative Pivot Shift. Orthop J Sports Medicine; Dec 18;6(12):2325967118812364. doi: 10.1177/2325967118812364. PMID: 30574514

6. Musahl V, Burnham J, Lian J, Popchak A, Svantesson E, Kuroda R, Zaffagnini S, Samuelsson K. High-grade rotatory knee laxity may be predictable in ACL injuries. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2018 Dec;26(12):3762-3769. doi: 10.1007/s00167-018-5019-y. Epub 2018 Jun 21. PubMed PMID: 29931484.

7. Goldberg J, Burnham JM, Dhawan V. Subcutaneous Ulnar Nerve Transposition Using Osborne's Ligament as a Ligamentodermal or Ligamentofascial Sling. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2018 Sep;47(9). doi: 10.12788/ajo.2018.0070. PubMed PMID: 30296318.

8. Pfeiffer TR, Burnham JM, Hughes J, Kanakamedala AC, Herbst E, Popchak A, Irrgang J, Debski RE, Musahl V. (2018). An Increased Lateral Femoral Condyle Ratio is a Risk Factor for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2018 May 16;100(10):857-864. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.17.01011. PMID: 29762281

9. Kanakamedala AC, Burnham JM, Pfeiffer TR, Herbst E, Kowalczuk M, Popchak A, Irrgang J, Fu FH, Musahl V. Lateral femoral notch depth is not associated with increased rotatory instability in ACL-injured knees: a quantitative pivot shift analysis. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2018 May;26(5):1399-1405. doi: 10.1007/s00167-017-4770-9. Epub 2017 Nov 8. PubMed PMID: 29119285.

10. Hughes JD, Burnham JM, Hirsh A, Musahl V, Fu FH, Irrgang JJ, Lynch AD. (2018) Comparison of Short-Term Biodex Results after Anatomic ACL Reconstruction Between Three Autografts. Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine 6 (7_suppl4)

11. Pfeiffer TR, Burnham JM, Kanakamedala AC, Hughes JD, Irrgang JJ, Debski R, Musahl F. (2018) A Cam Shaped Femur Might Be A Risk Factor for ACL Injuries. Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine. Vol 6, 7_suppl4.

12. Musahl V, Herbst E, Burnham JM, Fu FH. (2018) A Review of the Anterolateral Complex and Anterolateral Ligament of the Knee., J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2018 Apr 15;26(8):261-267. doi: 10.5435/JAAOS-D-16-00758. Review. PMID: 29517517

13. Pfeiffer T, Kanakamedala A, Herbst E, Burnham J, Musahl V. (2018). Is Lateral Femoral Notch Depth Associated with Increased Rotatory Instability in ACL-injured Knees? Sports Orthopaedics and Traumatology.

14. Burnham JM, Bradley JP. (2018) MRI Findings Are Only One Part of the Equation in National Football League Athletes: Shoulder Instability in Contact Athletes. Arthroscopy. doi: 10.1016/j.arthro.2017.07/026. PMID: 29304983.

15. Shin J, Burnham JM, Pauyo T, Moreau C. (2018). Refractory Pain Following Hip Arthroscopy: Evaluation and Management. J Hip Preserv Surg. 2018 Jan 18;5(1):3-14. doi: 10.1093/jhps/hnx047. eCollection 2018 Jan. Review. PMID: 29423245

16. Kowalczuk M, Herbst E, Burnham JM, Albers M, Musahl V, Fu FH. A Layered Anatomic Description of the Anterolateral Complex of the Knee. Clin Sports Med. 2018 Jan;37(1):1-8. doi: 10.1016/j.csm.2017.07.001. Epub 2017 Sep 18. Review. PubMed PMID: 29173549.

17. McQuerry JL, Burnham JM, Ireland ML, Wright RD. (2018) Delayed Presentation of Thigh Compartment Syndrome in a Previously Undiagnosed Factor VII Deficient High School Football Athlete. JBJS Case Connect. 2018 Jan-Mar;8(1):e4. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.CC.17.00123. PMID: 29369058

18. Burnham JM, Wright V. (2017) Update on ACL Rupture and Treatment in the Female Athlete. Orthopaedic Clinics of North America, March 2017. doi: 10.1016/j.csm.2017.05.004. PMID: 28886823.

19. Pfeiffer TR, Kanakamedala AC, Herbst E, Nagai K, Murphy C, Burnham JM, Popchak A, Debski RE, Musahl V. (2017). Female Sex is Associated with Greater Rotatory Knee Laxity in Collegiate Athletes. KSSTA. doi: 10.1007/s00167-017-4684-6. PMID: 28823037.

20. Burnham JM, Fu FH. The importance of individualized, anatomic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Annals of Joint, July 2017. doi: 10.21037/aoj.2017.07.07

21. Wilson BR, Roberson K, Burnham JM, Yonz MC, Ireland ML, Noehren B. (2017) Relationship Between Hip Strength and the Y-Balance Test Composite Score. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, July 2017. doi: 10.1123/jsr.2016-0187 PMID: 28714790.

22. Jacobs CA, Burnham JM, Jochimsen KN, Molina D 4th, Hamilton DA, Duncan ST. Preoperative Symptoms in Femoroacetabular Impingement Patients Are More Related to Mental Health Scores Than the Severity of Labral Tear or Magnitude of Bony Deformity. J Arthroplasty. 2017 Dec;32(12):3603-3606. doi: 10.1016/j.arth.2017.06.053. Epub 2017 Jul 8. PubMed PMID: 28739309.

23. Burnham JM, Makhni EC, Meta F, Lizzio V, Bozic K. (2017) Technology Assessment and Cost-Effectiveness in Orthopaedics: How to Measure Outcomes and Deliver Value in a Constantly Changing Healthcare Environment. Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine. doi: 10.1007/s12178-017-9407-6. PMID: 28421386.

24. Burnham JM, Pfeiffer T, Shin J, Herbst E, Fu FH. (2017) Bony Morphologic Factors Affecting Injury Risk, Rotatory Stability, Functional Outcomes, and Re-tear Rate after ACL Reconstruction. Annals of Joint, June 2017.

25. Herbst E, Albers M, Burnham JM, Fu FH, Musahl V. (2017) Anatomy of the Anterolateral Complex of the Knee. Accepted, Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine, July 2017.

26. Massey P, Perry KJ, Berken D, James J, Nelson BG, Burnham JM, Hollister A. (2017) Delayed Diagnosis of Pediatric Osseous Blastomycosis of the Hand: A Brief Report. Hand & Microsurgery. doi: 10.5455/handmicrosurg/262225.

27. Burnham JM, Malempati C, Carpiaux A, Ireland ML, Johnson DL. (2017) Anatomic Femoral and Tibial Tunnel Placement During Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: Anteromedial Portal All-Inside and Outside-In Techniques. Arthroscopy Techniques, March 2017. doi: 10.1016/j.eats.2016.09.035. PMID: 28580242.

28. Kline P, Burnham JM, Yonz MC, Johnson DL, Ireland ML, Noehren B. (2017) Hip External Rotation Strength Predicts Hop Performance After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction. Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, April 2017. April 2017. doi: 10.1007/s00167-017-4534-6. PMID: 28378137.

29. Burnham JM, Albers M, Herbst E, Fu FH. (2017) Individualized, Anatomic Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Reconstruction. World Clinics in Orthopedics, Accepted

30. Arner JW, Herbst E, Burnham JM, Soni A, Naendrup JH, Popchak A, Fu FH, Musahl V. MRI can accurately detect meniscal ramp lesions of the knee. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2017 Dec;25(12):3955-3960. doi: 10.1007/s00167-017-4523-9. Epub 2017 Mar 25. PubMed PMID: 28343325.

31. Burnham JM, Willis CB, Ireland ML. (2017) Can Femoral Tunnel Reaming Method in ACL Reconstruction Be Determined from Plain Radiographs Alone? Accepted Pending Submitted Revisions, Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances, March 2017.

32. Herbst E, Albers M, Burnham JM, Shaikh HS, Naendrup JH, Fu FH, Musahl V. The anterolateral complex of the knee: a pictorial essay. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2017 Apr;25(4):1009-1014. doi: 10.1007/s00167-017-4449-2. Epub 2017 Feb 23. PubMed PMID: 28233023.

33. Musahl V, Getgood A, Neyret P, Claes S, Burnham JM, Batailler C, Sonnerty-Cottet B, Williams A, Amis A, Zaffagnini S, Karlsson, J. (2017) Contributions of the Anterolateral Complex (ALC) and the Anterolateral Ligament (ALL) to Rotatory Knee Stability in the Setting of ACL Injury: A Roundtable Discussion. Accepted, Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, April 2017. doi: 10.1007/s00167-017-4436-7. PMID: 28286916.

34. Herbst E, Burnham JM, Albers M, Musahl V, Fu FH. (2017) Layer-by-Layer Anatomy of the Anterolateral Complex of the Knee. Operative Techniques in Orthopaedics, doi: 10.1053/j.oto.2017.02.002.

35. Rahnemai-Azar AA, Zlotnicki J, Burnham JM, Guenther D, Soni A, Debski RE, Musahl V. (2017) Secondary Stabilizers of the ACL Deficient Knee. Operative Techniques in Orthopaedic Surgery, doi: 10.1053/j.oto.2017.02.005.

36. Burnham JM, Herbst E, Pauyo T, Johnson DL, Fu FH, Musahl V. (2016) Technical Considerations in Revision ACL Surgery. Accepted, Operative Techniques in Orthopaedics, October 2016. http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.oto.2017.01.012.

37. Jacobs CA, Burnham JM, Malempati C, Makhni EC, Swart E, Johnson DL. (2016). Allograft Augmentation of Hamstring Autografts for Young Patients Undergoing ACL Reconstruction: Clinical and Cost-Effectiveness Analyses. American Journal of Sports Medicine. Doi: 10.1177/0363546516676079. PMID: 28298052.

38. Burnham JM, Herbst E, Albers M, Pauyo T, Fu FH. (2016) The Anterolateral Complex of the Knee: A Comprehensive Review of Its Structure and Function. Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics, October 2016. doi: 10.13107/jcorth.2454-5473.141.

39. Burnham JM, Yonz MC, Robertson K, McKinley R, Wilson BR, Johnson DL, Ireland ML, Noehren B. (2016) Correlation of Hip and Trunk Dysfunction with Single Leg Step-Down Performance. PTIS doi: 10.1016/j.ptsp.2016.05.007 PMID: 27592407.

40. Burnham JM, Kim D, Kamineni S. (2016) Midshaft Clavicle Fractures: A Critical Review. Orthopedics 39(5). PMID: 27220117.

41. Burnham JM, Howard J, Lattermann CL. (2015) Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Reconstruction with Concomitant Tibial Tubercle Transfer: A Systematic Review of Outcomes and Complications. Arthroscopy. doi: 10.1016/j.arthro.2015.11.039. PMID: 26882966.

42. Duncan ST, Khazzam MS, Burnham JM, Spindler KP, Dunn WR, Wright RW. (2015). Sensitivity of Standing Radiographs to Detect Knee Arthritis: A Systematic Review of Level I Studies. Arthroscopy, 31(2),321-328. doi: 10.1016/j.arthro.2014.08.023. PMID: 25312767.

43. Burnham JM, Broussard M, Milbrandt TA. (2014). Bilateral Pulmonary Embolism in an Adolescent with Sickle Cell Disease and a Recent Total Hip Arthroplasty. The Iowa Orthopaedic Journal, 34, 107-110. PMID: 25328468.

44. Burnham J, Hollister A, Rush D, Avallone T, Shi R, Jordan J. (2011). Technique for and an Anatomic Guide to Forearm Tendon Repair. Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery, 15(2), 125-132. doi: 10.1097/BTH.0b013e318201ba07. PMID: 21606787.

45. Cardenas RJ, Javalkar V, Ezer H, Burnham J, Nanda A. (2011). Occipital Interhemispheric Transtentorial Approach to the Superior Cerebellum. J Clin Neurosci, 18(1), 128-130. doi: 10.1016/j.jocn.2010.04.053. PMID: 20947356.

  1. Burnham JM, Murr K, & Kamineni S. (2016). Arthroscopy of the Elbow: The Basics. In G. S. Kulkami (Ed.), Textbook of Orthopaedics and Trauma (3rd ed., Vol. 3, pp. 2008-2014): Jaypee Brothers
  1. Burnham JM, Frank R. Sports Medicine Research at the 2016 Annual Meeting: Part 2 – Upper Extremity and Return-to-Play. AAOS Now. May, 2016.
  1. Burnham JM, Frank R. Sports Medicine Research at the 2016 Annual Meeting: Part 1 – Basic Science, Lower Extremity, and Cost-Effectiveness. AAOS Now. April, 2016.
  1. Burnham JM. The AAOS Resident Assembly: A Look Back on the Inaugural Year. AAOS Now. April, 2016.
  1. Erickson B, Burnham JM. Effect of Work Hour Restrictions on Orthopaedic Residency. AAOS Now. January, 2016.
  1. Harwood JL, Burnham JM. Leadership in Orthopaedics: A Personal Journey. AAOS Now. September, 2015
  1. Burnham JM, Harwood JH. Wearable Technology: Implications for Orthopaedic Surgery. AAOS Now. August, 2015.
  1. Erickson B, Burnham JM, Harwood JL, Frank R. What are the Essential Reads for Orthopaedic Residents? A Call for a National Orthopaedic Surgery Reading List. AAOS Now. August, 2015.
  1. Midley, Connie. Daily Exercise Improves Overall Health. Vim & Vigor. December, 2015.
  1. Burnham, JM. Importance of Core Strength in Overall Health. Lexington Herald-Leader. October 26, 2014.
  1. Jacobs CA, Burnham JM, Malempati C, Makhni EC, Swart E, Johnson DL. (2016). Allograft Augmentation of Hamstring Autografts for Young Patients Undergoing ACL Reconstruction: Clinical and Cost-Effectiveness Analyses. Submitted, American Journal of Sports Medicine, May 2016.
  1. Wilson BR, Roberson K, Burnham JM, Yonz MC, Ireland ML, Noehren B. (2016) Relationship Between Hip Strength and the Y-Balance Test Composite Score. Submitted, International Journal of Sports Medicine, May 2016. Manuscript No. IJSM-05-2016-5634-ob.
  1. McQuerry JL, Burnham JM, Ireland ML, Wright RD. (2016) Delayed Presentation of Thigh Compartment Syndrome in a Previously Undiagnosed Factor VII Deficient High School Football Athlete. Submitted, JBJS Case Connector, May 2016.
  1. Burnham JM, Willis CB, Ireland ML. (2016) Can Femoral Tunnel Reaming Method in ACL Reconstruction Be Determined from Plain Radiographs Alone? Submitted, KSSTA, March 2016. Manuscript No. KSST-D-16-00393.
  1. Goldberg J, Burnham JM, Dhawan V. (2016) Subcutaneous Ulnar Nerve Transposition Using Osborne's Ligament as a Ligamentodermal or Ligamentofascial Sling. Revisions Submitted, American Journal of Orthopedics, January 2016. Manuscript No. AMJORTHOP-D-15-00220.
  1. Eads R, Burnham JM, Hennig, P, Ireland ML. (2016) Candidal Septic Arthritis Masquerading as a Twisting Injury of the Knee. Submitted, Iowa Orthopaedic Journal, January 2016.
  1. James J, Massey P, Heaton JM, Berken D, Burnham JM, Hollister AM. (2015) Blastomycosis Osteomyelitis of a Pediatric Hand: Case Report and Literature Review. Submitted, Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, June 2015.
  1. Yonz MC, Burnham JM, Noehren B, Ireland ML. (2015) Relationship Between Trunk, Hip, and Knee Extension Strength to Hop Test Performance. Submitted, Medical Science in Sports and Exercise, June 2015.